Playing music through volumio with an attached USB stick or disk drive or ramplay connected to a DAC amp and speakers is fairly straightforward. Mounting your Network Attached Storage device (NAS) in volumio, as long as it is visible to volumio is again pretty straightforward and has been extensively covered in other posts. Getting your NAS into a position where volumio can see, and keep seeing it; and the music streams perfectly, on the other hand is another matter:
[size=150]As you will see reading through the guide and comments setting up Network Attached Storage is not an exact science. What works for one person’s LAN may not work on anothers. This guide is an attempt to foolproof the process and relies on best practice from major HiFi manufacturers amongst others.[/size]
So in order to stream succesfully from Volumio from a NAS on a home LAN network you need to examine your network architecture, and use a UPNP control app. Also recognise the difference between a hard disk in an enclosure and a Multibay NAS. (MBN)
An enclosed hard disk will be fine to run back up’s of your Multibay NAS but trying to steam music from it over your lan will be a challenge. Think of the MBN as a computer in its own right who’s job is to store, manage and stream files to all your other devices.
All this isn’t really up for debate. From Linn down all the Digital Streaming HiFi equipment manufacturers and computer audiophile website’s agree. Setting up and controlling the LAN is crucial. You could buy a Ferrari Enzo, but with no roads or traffic lights it wouldn’t get very far.
So assume you have a cable modem into a wifi router /or an adsl router, you should NOT plug your nas straight into the router. You need to get an unattended ethernet switch like this one They are really cheap. Like $15-20. The router has a hard enough job assigning IP’s and broadcasting wifi without having to worry about switching your cabled IP traffic.
Connect the router to the switch. And connect any other cabled devices you might have like volumio to the switch. They don’t need setting up. There is no user interface. The switch is just like an automatic railway junction. If you are planning a long cable run, to your music/av room you can get another switch to make things easier.
If your broadband supplier has provided you with a hub or router of any description by definition it’s not going to be very good. If you have cable put it into modem mode, and get a separate wifi/wired router. If you have dsl. Disable wifi, and everything else except the dsl modem and get a separate wifi/wired router. One that you can actually configure freely, as the provider supplied ones are often restricted in terms of port opening and so on.
In practice your network needs to be 10/100 wired tho gigabit is better and wireless n - Advertised top speeds are just that. Like in a car, it can go at 200 kph but how often do you drive it that fast? Streaming 24/192 needs a stable average network speed of at least 10 Mb/s this is much harder to achieve than it sounds.
I know the isps say that the supplied hubs or router can do everything at lightening speed. Well that’s only true if ‘everything’ is having one wired, and one wireless device.
So the network should look something like this.
Switch ------------------ (volumio wired)
Router ----- wifi ------ upnp cp -------- (volumio wireless )
This is the bare minimum you need. Lots of high end network audio users set up separate subnets, have managed switches, and more.
Finally you need a upnp control point app (cp) I think the best is Bubble UPNp available for android in the google play store. The cp acts like an air traffic controller helping all the components talk to each other to get your file from the NAS to the speakers/headphones. It doesn’t touch the file in anyway. Just guides it round this highly complicated data network. Upnp should be enabled in volumio system.
You should use your routers IP table to give everything involved a fixed IP address. The easiest way to do this is to set everything up, go to the routers fixed IP config table and identify all the attached devices by mac address; ie volumio Ethernet, volumio Wireless, your NAS, and the device running the UpNp controller. Then fix the addresses. This helps all the components find each other and you find the components config page.
nb It is theoretically possible to run all this over wireless. Especially if you are not playing 24 bit flac. But be prepared to spend a long time wondering why what worked yesterday and will work tomorrow doesn’t work right now.